Bazaar of Kashan

Bazaar of Kashan 05/06/2019

Bazaar of Kashan
It might be said that old bazaars are the only beating streets of cities from the past. Because the crowd of passer-by people always fill them and the lights are always shining brightly. Although many of these old bazaars do not have the old boom, many still continue to work after centuries. One of these bazaars is Bazaar of Kashan, which is introduced to you by Yejaye Khub team in the present article.

Different sections of Bazaar of Kashan
- Rasteh (Main Bazaar); the main part of the bazaar that different parts were added to it in different periods or parts of it were demolished, such as coppersmiths, goldsmiths, shoemakers, drapers and Mianchals.
- Various sections for verity of careers are part of the Bazaar of Kashan, each section being engaged in a particular field.
- Dalan, Sara Khan (wholesale section)
- Timcheh (the center of multiple Saras and caravansaries) 
Amin al-Dowlah Timcheh is a unique masterpiece.

The most famous part of the Bazaar of Kashan, which was built during the time of Farrokh Khan Ghaffari Kashi who was nicknamed Amin al-Dowlah, is a Timcheh (an indoor building) that connects the four sides of the bazaar and is also known as Mianchal. The construction of this Timcheh was completed in 1906, and its solid roof and wide crater, which is based on three floors of a solid foundation, is not found in Iranian architecture, and is one of the tourist attractions of Kashan.

The ceiling of this beautiful building with Muqarnas, bricks and tiles is vaulted in an Iranian style. This caravanserai is connected through two large wooden doors to the sides of the bazaar, from four sides to a small octagonal courtyard and the other to the grand courtyard. The square is a southern rectangle and in fact there is a single section in their collection, which, according to technical experts, is one of the best masterpieces of Iranian noble architecture in the second half of the 13th century and represents various techniques of this art.

Hajj Mohammad Sadeq Timcheh and Sayed Agha Timcheh are one of the other Timches in this bazaar. 
Qaisiriyah: A place to do special things like fine artwork.
- Miramad Mosque
The mosque is located in the south of the copper market and is well known as the Mosque of the Square. This mosque was built in the eighth century AH and during the reign of Sultan Jahan Shah Qaraqouinlu. This building consists of a front door, two columns with a historical inscription, a vestibule, Sangab (a big water bowl), a two-story courtyard, tow Safehs, a Shabestan, a brick dome, an exquisite Kashi Minbar (pulpit) and an Ab Anbar (underground water reservoir)

Sultani Mosque and School (Imam Khomeini Mosque)
Sultani Mosque, a monument to the Qajar monarchy, is considered one of the largest seminaries in Kashan. This school consists of a large courtyard with a spacious pool, 52 rooms, a Shabestan and a library.

Abdul Razaq Khan Bath
The bath of Abdul Razak Khan, also known as the Khan Bath, was built by Abdul Razaq Khan during the reign of Karim Khan. This bath is located right in the center of this bazaar and consists of various courtyards, hot and cold water Khazines, and a large marble pond. Gomrok (customes) and No (new) Caravansaries , Narraqis' Sara, Khan Bath, Zerreshkha Sara, Qomis' Sara, Ab Anbar, Rectangular Sara, and Mianchal Mosque and School, Tabrizis' Mosque, Malek Sara, Shoemakers Mosque, and the Ab Anbar of Zanjir door.

Bazaar of Kashan from the past
The history of this old bazaar dates back precisely tothe time of Al Buehya and then to Seljuk, but the main boom of this bazaar was during Safavid era, especially during the reign of Shah Abbas. Bazaar of Kashan is one of the bazaars that has been praised by many travelers and historians since the same time. For example, the author of Zinat al-Majalis's book said: "The Raste of Bazaar of Kashan is unique in the world and its length is about 2000 steps."
Various sections have been added to the Bazaar of Kashan in different periods of time and have been enlarged and expanded day by day. For example, Qaisariya, which includes several caravanserais and shops with eye-catching architecture, was added to the bazaar during Shah Abbas's period. During the Qajar period and during the reign of Fath Ali Khan Qajar, when political stability and the progress of the national industries were achieved, other large bazaars, Timcheh, and caravanserai were built along this market. The New Coppersmiths bazaar and Farokh Khan Amin-o-Dowlah Ghaffari are one of the most important buildings that have been built up in the last century and no same examples have been observed yet.
Eugene Flandin, a French painter and architect who traveled to Kashan in 1973, wrote in his letter that: "In the last century, the city was completely destroyed and its buildings were demolished. Bazaars, caravansaries, and baths are amongst remarkable buildings of this Bazaar nowadays.
The coppersmiths' bazaar, one of the most important buildings in this market, was nearly ruined in 1909 and was completely destroyed during the Pahlavi era due to the construction of urban streets. The big Chaharsou, which remained undamaged in Darwazeh Dowlat for many years was ruined due to the construction of Shahrdari (municipality) square.
Nevertheless, today, Bazaar of Kashan is one of the historical bazaars of Iran that is still flourishing and Kashan's one-day tours regularly take tourists this bazaar and its lights are always shining. One of the things tourists can do in Kashan is to wander, visit and shop in this bazaar. However, shopping in this bazaar is one of the most indigenous works of Kashan's people. This building was registered on August 29, 1876, with the number 1284 in the list of the national heritage of Iran. Today, due to the attractiveness of this bazaar in Kashan, many tourists travel to Iran, and Iranian tourists travel to Kashan.

 Where is the Bazaar of Kashan?
This bazaar starts from the middle of the Baba Afzal Street and continues to reach Darwazeh Dowlat and is located near Kashan Hotels. Some of Kashan hotels due to traditional architecture are considered by tourists because they are distinguished from other Iranian hotels. With Kashan tours, you can take advantage of these spectacular sites and use quality hotels. 
Open hours of the bazaar: Every day from morning to 10 p.m.

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