The fire temple is a structure with over 1000 years of history in the heart of the historic and beautiful city of Isfahan, on a high mountain near Zayandeh Rood, which is a memorial left over from ancient times.
If you are about to travel to Iran and specially travel to Isfahan, it is highly recommended to visit the Fire Temple which is one of Isfahan tourist attractions.
If you are going on one of Isfahan tours, ask your tour leader to show you the Fire Temple which is known as one of the oldest Isfahan tourist attractions.
The fire temple of Isfahan, which is the oldest historical relic of the city since the Sassanid era, is located above the Mount of Fire in the west of the city of Isfahan. The main name of the castle is Mehrbin, and people are now referred to it as the marble castle or the Isfahan Fire. This fire temple was one of the seven great and important fire temples of the Sassanid era.
The Isfahan fire temple is made up of sedimentary rocks. Its low level is at 1,610 meters above sea level and above it at a height of 1,715 meters above sea level. The Isfahan fire temple is a large and circular fireplace with numerous valves. This building is made from raw clay bricks with a length of 40 cm and a diameter of 14 cm. It is made of clay, mud, pebbles and reeds of Zayandeh Rood.
Profile of the structure
The ancient architecture of the fire temple is a good illustration of its long history. A huge structure with a length of 107 meters in each corner and an imperforate form.
The remains of the building show that the structure had 5 floors and now only 2 floors are visible. Works of tall pillars from the middle of the mountain to the top of the mountain and many other rooms on the pillars are also visible. If you are on one of Isfahan tours ask them to show you the whole temple.
As you climb the mountain, your eyes may be left to the works of stairs that were built in the heart of the mountain, and now only a negligible piece of them remains.
Also, the remains of the walls show that during the past centuries, the structure had a circular and high dome.
The texture of the building
The building's texture is a set of adobe layers. Between the two rows of clay, they placed a thin layer of straw that came from the river to add strength to it. Large basements and adobe buildings begin almost from the middle of the Isfahan fire temple, and at the top they were turned into solid and reliable columns, which in the past were also rooms on them. In some places, there are also remnants of regular staircases in the heart of the rock that have continued to the highest, but today they are gone. It is built on the top of a rounded hill that can be called the ultimate architectural design of this building. On the hill, no building has been made taller than it was. It has an octagonal corner and has a window in each corner. Zoroastrian priests are said to have placed sacred fire inside the room.
Reconstruction in Pahlavi era
This complex has rooms and buildings in four directions of the hill that continue to the beneath of the Isfahan firetemple and, of course, only the structures of the northern part and part of the eastern section remain healthy and it seems to be related to the reconstruction of the building during the Pahlavi era. On some of the adobes in the northern part of the building the “1352” is carved which refers to the Pahlavi era.
In 1938, Andre Godard, in one of the volumes of "Iranian works" devoted to the constructions of fire, brings a short, but precise, and detailed account of Isfahan fire temple. Then, Maxim Siro carried out in the early 1960s precise inspections at the Isfahan fire temple, and for the first time he made the correct architectural drawings. Shortly afterwards, Klaus Schippmann, in his presence at Isfahan, read it closely and published his report in a book on Iranian fire constructions in German.
From Persians, for the first time, Rashid Shahmardan (who was an Iranian Persian cleric) in the book of Zoroastrian worship, while listing and describing most Iranian fireplaces, announced the refuge of the Isma’ilians of Isfahan to the Isfahan fire temple at the end of the fifth century AH.
Today, there is no attention to maintaining this complex. In the context of the constructions of this building, there are a lot of holes made by treasure trove smugglers. Visitors also have to choose their own climbing path, and due to the structure of the hill and the clay adobes of this building, the rate of destruction by visitors-especially in rainy days-is further increased.
The Isfahan fire temple was registered in December 1951 and numbered 380 in the National Iranian List of Constructions. In the 1950s, the building was restored, and in the early 1960s, in order to prevent damages and destruction, the doors of the building were closed and completely camouflaged, and today few people know the way to enter these large buildings.
It is recommended that you visit the beautiful Isfahan in addition to the famous places of interest in this city, like Si-o-se-pol bridge of Isfahan, the palace of ChehelSotoun, Naqsh-e jahan square, etc. and see the Isfahan fire temple, which is the ancient landmark of this land.
Some of Isfahan hotels, which are among the best Iran hotels, are not that from Isfahan tourist attractions so you can access them really easily.