In the past few years, with the opening of the doors of Iran and the ease of obtaining visas for foreigners, the tourist has flooded the country. A country that attracts a lot of attention in the world with its historical history, culture and customs. However, it also raises the question of whether Iran is preparing for and prepared for this wave of foreign travelers.
According to the World Tourism Organization's 2010 figures for Iran, nearly 3 million people from other countries came to Iran, rising to 4.967 million and 5.237 million in 2014-2015. However, in 2016, the number of tourists entering Iran dropped to 4.942 million, a drop of 5.6 percent compared to 2015. While there has been significant growth in 2017, the number of incoming tourists has reached 5,531,000 and according to forecasts in 2020, this figure will reach 20 million.
Shiraz, the capital of Fars province, is one of the most beautiful and oldest cities in Iran. Abundant historical and natural attractions have made this city one of the favorite destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists, and it attracts many tourists every year. Even if you've traveled to Shiraz before, the journey will again be attractive, and the sights of the city are so abundant that a trip to enjoy all of them is not enough.
The presence of Iranian gardens and historic sites with authentic architecture and breathtaking elegance with the orange blossom aromas have all worked together to make walking in the streets of Shiraz and watching original Iranian art one of the best experiences of every tourist's journey. One of the most famous places in Iran is Shiraz, which annually brings a lot of tourists.
The Name of Persepolis
Persepolis is the current name of "Parseh". "Parseh" is an ancient Persian language word, and the Greeks have it Persepolis (Greek called "Parseh City"). This building is called Persepolis or Palace of Jamshid, the mythological king of Iran, which is mentioned in Ferdowsi's Shahnameh. As it has been mentioned in various historical sources, the construction of Persepolis began about 25 centuries ago on the western slope of Mount Rahmat, in the sense of Mitra or Mehr, at the time of Darius the Great, and then continued by his successors with changes in its original structure. Based on the clay scripts discovered at Persepolis, in the construction of Persepolis, architects, artists, teachers, workers, and countless men and women who, in addition to receiving salary, also used the benefits of labor insurance. Based on some stories the construction of Persepolis, this great and beautiful structure, took 120 years.
How to construct the Persepolis
Maybe it's interesting for tourists planning to travel to Shiraz to get information about the structures of Persepolis. The total area of the Palace of Persepolis is 125 thousand square meters, which is located on a platform whose height is 8 to 18 meters above the level of Marvdasht floodplain, and is composed of the following important sections:
• Official Palace and ceremonial palaces of Persepolis (Palace of the Gate of Nations)
• Seating and small private chambers
• Treasury of the kingdom
• Protective fortress
• Entrance steps and Xerxes gate
The entrance to the platform is two stairs facing each other and in the northwestern part of the Persepolis complex, which is like a hand bending its elbow and aiming to lift its enthusiasts from the ground and place them in their chests. The stairs from each side have 111 wide and short stairs (up to 10 cm high). Contrary to the opinion of many historians who claimed that the height of low stairs was due to the fact that the horses could also climb stairs, they made stairs shorter than usual to keep the comfort and beauty of the guests (their images with long and long clothes on the walls of the Persepolis) while climbing. On the stairs, the entrance to the Persepolis, "[the Great Gate]," or "[Xerxes Gates]" or the Gates of Nations is placed.
The height of this building is 10 meters. This building has a main entrance and two exits, which today are only the remnants of its gates. The western and eastern gate of the winged men's pattern is carved out with the design of two stone cows with human heads. These gates are decorated in the upper part with six inscriptions. These inscriptions, after mentioning Ahuramazda, briefly state: "Everything that is beautiful is done by Urmzad." The two gates of the outlet of Persepolis are facing south and the other facing east, and the southern gate to Apadana Palace, Or the Big Palace.
Eugene Felend, a French traveler, (about 1220) explained the advancement and loving of Shiraz and its people:
Shiraz, the ruler of Fars province, has always been one of the most prominent and most advanced cities in Iran. Shiraz weapons have a great reputation.
The people of Shiraz are more affable than all Iranian people. Man will soon be attracted and loved by them. The Shirazis speak Persian more than all Iranians, because two of Asia's greatest poets, Sa'di and Hafez, were born on this land.
In the Qajar period, Shiraz no longer has the former greatness. Shirazis prejudicially say: when Shiraz was Shiraz, Cairo did not count as a neighborhood of it. About 10 thousand people live in twelve neighborhoods of Shiraz. The city has 6 large gates. A fortress is located in the middle of the city, which is the stronghold of Karim Khan Zand.
The only place that gives Shiraz its appearance is the market that Karim Khan built. It has no significant mosques that can be compared with Mosque in Isfahan. Shah Cheragh is the most famous monument of Shiraz and the place of the Syedes; they are taking alms and income of the mosque. Karim Khan's market is a place where many tourists come to shop and it is considered one of the tourist destinations.
Heinrich Karl Brugschin, in 1238, wrote his travel book to Shiraz and its attractions:
"Sections outside the city of Shiraz to the Strait of Allah Akbar have become beautiful and green gardens that date their construction before the Qajar kings. We visited the famous gardens of Chehel Tan (forty people), located in the vicinity of Hafezia. Our Shirazi guide said that there were 40 Dervishes here, they differed on the subject of each other, and their work was stopped and, after all, they were killed in the conflict. Their bodies are buried in this garden.