In the 3rd and 4th centuries AH, the Khajoui neighborhood of Isfahan was considered as one of the city's most populated quarters. In recent years, Isfahan has expanded from its surroundings and has been enlarged. At the same time, the neighborhood of Khaju became more and more popular among people, bringing a large number of people from other parts of the city to the neighborhood.If you are about to travel to Iran and specially travel to Isfahan, it is highly recommended to visit this bridge.
A Brief History of Khaju District
In ancient writings and stories, as well as historical books, etc., this neighborhood was mentioned before the Safavid era as Baqkaran and Taraz Abad), and in the Safavid era and afterwards it was sometimes called Khaju and at the time of Khavajeh. The naming could be becauseof apparently the residence of some of the Khavajeh rulers of the Shrine of the Seljuk or Safavid kings which referred to as the neighborhood of Khavajehand contracted toKhaju.
The bridge, which is one of Isfahan tourist attractions, was built in the old way of Isfahan to Shiraz and is also called Hassan Abad or Baba Rukn Al-din, but it is likely that its foundation was implemented during the time of Hasan Beyk Turkman or Hassan PashaNami two of theTimurid emirs. The building of today's Khaju Bridge, known for its proximity to the Khaju neighborhood, is from the period of Shah Abbas II. The bridge was built in 1060 AH and has a length of 130 meters and a width of 12 meters. The building was not just built for the construction of a bridge, but also as a dam. Therefore, they said about the building of the bridge: the dam and bridge were built, blocking the craters below the Khaju Bridge the western part becomes a small lake (during the period of Shah Abbas II, when the ceremonies were held in the palaces Haft Dast and AynehKhane, the Khaju Bridge was polished and part of the river flowing in front of the royal palaces and on the waters of this lake was a fireworks ceremony.} The Khaju Bridge advantage over other Zayandeh Rood river apart from the difference in the architectural aspect of the decoration, there is plenty of tile work, and behind the bushes of the low springs and high pavilions, and the building of two BeaglieriBeigi on the bridge and the facade of the sides of the bridge are decorated with different colored tiles, and inside the rooms and earrings on the bridge, which were recreational resorts ofthe king, is painted.
As it was said, Khaju was one of the outskirts of the city and connected to it, with a lot of streets and regular alleys, and the residence of aristocrats and famous people. AsShardin says the rest of the Khaju neighborhood is located on the left side of Chaharbagh Street. In the streets, there are rivers that are planted with trees around them and hence are like cities of (Holland). There are no other inhabitants other than the most important ones and nothing is observable except the magnificent mansion. Among the various neighborhoods of Isfahan, Khaju district has been inhabited by princes, aristocrats, elders and rulers who have built magnificent mansions that has been a recreational place for royal families. Therefore, we can say that the neighborhood of Khaju in Isfahan was district of aristocrats and royal families.Nowadays, if you travel to Isfahan, it is easy to see that many of Isfahan hotels are located near this bridge, which are better than many other Iran hotels.
The reason for the assignment of Khaju Bridge to Shahi Bridge
In the era of Shah Abbas II, Khaju Bridge was known as the Shahi Bridge. The owner of the book, Qesas-al-Khaqani (the Stories of Khaqani), wrote that after the Nowruz holiday of 1060, with the order of Shah Abbas IIthe bridge that was laid down on Zayandeh Rood was decorated with flowers and lamps and each of its pavilions was decorate by an Emir.
Sajid neighborhood of Khaju
1) No traces of pre-Safavid mosques have survived in the Khajoo area. Most of the Safavid mosquesare either destroyed or otherwise known with a different name. There are twelve large and small mosques in this neighborhood. However, the current mosques of this place, which are among Isfahan tourist attractions, are as follows:
Kharabeh Mosque (Khaki)
Chaharsou Brick mosque
Rokn al-Mulk Mosque
Mosque of Haj Mirza Sadeghadjacent to Chaharsou Brick Mosque which dates back to 1242 AH Fathali Shah Qajar era.
Fereydoun mosque next to the Fereydoun Market Square
Ali Akbar Beyk Mosque
Seyyed Mosque (more than 15 of Isfahan hotels are near this place)
Hajj Manouchehr Khan Mosque from the Safavid era
Hajj Mehdi Mosque from the Safavid dates to 1107 AH.
The largest of these mosques are Haj Mirza Sadegh mosque and Mirza Ashraf mosque, and of course, Kharabeh (Khaki) mosque is larger than these.If you want to go on one of Isfahan tours, then you can see this isfahan tourist attraction.
Features of Khaju Bridge and its architecture and building:
Khaju Bridge, which is a type of dam, is considered by some as the culmination of the construction industry in Iran. The bridge's performance is that it can raise water up to 6 meters high. The bridge has 16 water drainages, and in the body of the Khaju Bridge, there are grooves in which there are drafts and can take them up and down. By raising the drawer, the size of the water that was flowing was adjusted by the same drawer, and the water set in the rear of the bridge was blocked. At the bottom of the bridge is a graded wooden rod for measuring water. Many of Isfahan tours’ destination is this structure and that is absolutely because of its beautiful architecture.
The principle of mirroring in the architecture of Khaju Bridge
The tendency towards symmetry and systematic phenomena is one of the most ancient and most persistent historical aspects of human civilization. Human beliefs emerge from the symmetry and harmony between phenomena and the attempt to reach symmetrical and harmonious meanings in all fields of knowledge, industry and art. Perhaps less ancient nations can be found that, more than Iranians, tend to focus on symmetry and harmony throughout their history, atmospheric symmetry in all cultural spheres of Iran and in all historical periods of the land has been somehow manifested. Art, scientific, religious, philosophical and engineering works in Iranian history are full of Iranian beliefs to symmetrical phenomena and ideas, harmony and order. Certainly, the symmetrical forms and symmetrical forms of the hands of the artisans and the ancient builders have always been intentional and vigilant. This mirroring has been shaped in various ways in the historical monuments of the land of Iran. There are various types of correction and symmetry, including transitional / reflective / cyclic / composite symmetry and...
To illustrate this, the symmetry used in the bridge design is a reflection symmetry type.
In the reflection symmetry, the shape or form is symmetrical relative to the plane, and it is like that the image of one side is created on the other side of the other. If a person stands under the bridge, along the eastern side of the bridge, there are dentures in the upper and middle parts of the foundations of the bridge observes that there are four ditches in all the halls, and these ditches, which are repeated with a regular rhythm and regularity along the eastern side, are of a kind of reflection symmetry. Definitely this mirroring on the bridge besides its simplicity is one of the most amazing symmetries in the world as well as in Iran.